Practice Areas

The Firm’s Appellate Practice Group includes attorneys who have extensive experience in appellate matters, and includes a Florida Bar Board Certified Appellate Practice specialist. Our Attorneys prosecute and defend all types of appeals across the broad spectrum of the Firm’s practice areas, ranging from quasi-judicial and administrative decisions rendered by school boards and other local government bodies, to final and non-final decisions on civil matters rendered by Florida’s state and federal trial courts. Our appellate attorneys have handled administrative appeals, as well as appeals to Florida’s Circuit Courts, Florida’s District Courts of Appeal, the Florida Supreme Court, the Federal Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals, and the United States Supreme Court. Additionally, our appellate attorneys have filed amicus curiae briefs on behalf of interested parties and entities in cases in both the Florida Supreme Court and the United States Supreme Court. Our appellate attorneys also work closely with our litigation attorneys and local government attorneys to provide support and strategic advice at all phases of disputes and litigation, in an effort to ensure that our clients are well-positioned for a resolution that is in our client’s best interests or for ultimate success on appeal.

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Our Trial Practice Group includes attorneys with considerable litigation experience, some of whom are Board Certified by the Florida Bar in Civil Trial Law. The Firm’s Trial Practice Group prosecutes and defends, in Florida’s state and federal courts and on behalf of our government and private sector clients, legal disputes that arise out of leases; the sale and purchase of goods, services or real property; consulting agreements; and employment agreements including non-compete provisions.

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One of the primary bases for the foundation of our Firm is the representation of municipal and local government clients. Our Firm is proud of its long-standing commitment to providing exceptional day-to-day and special counsel representation to its municipal and other local government clients. Several of our attorneys in our City, County, and Local Government Practice Group serve as the primary city attorney for one or more of the Firms’ many municipal clients, and in that capacity, routinely handle the myriad of legal issues and challenges faced by Florida’s municipalities and local governmental bodies. Additionally, many of the Firm’s City, County, and Local Government attorneys also serve as special counsel to other municipalities and local governmental bodies, and in that capacity, provide specialized assistance in handling legislative, quasi-judicial, and real estate matters, as well as matters where the opinion or assistance of an outside specialist in city, county, and local government law is needed. Most of the city attorneys in our City, County, and Local Government Group have at least 25 to 30 years of experience in this unique but extraordinarily diverse and dynamic area of the law. Furthermore, several of the attorneys in our Firm’s City, County, and Local Government practice group are Board Certified by the Florida Bar in City, County and Local Government Law, or have been recognized by their peers as one of Florida’s Legal Elite or one of Florida’s Super Lawyers. One of our attorneys was even honored by being named City Attorney of the Year by the Florida League of Cities. Our Firm has the experience and steadfast commitment which enable it to handle any issue or challenge facing a municipality or local governmental body.

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Our Trial Practice Group includes some attorneys whom are Florida Bar Board Certified in Civil Trial Law. Our attorneys have extensively litigated matters involving the alleged violations of civil rights and constitutional law. We have successfully defended cities, state agencies, and their law enforcement officers in high-profile police liability lawsuits. Additionally, we have successfully defended cities and their employees, as well as the State of Florida and several of its Divisions and their employees, in lawsuits alleging violations of federal or state statutory or constitutional law, including but not limited to alleged violations of rights guaranteed by the First Amendment; illegal search and search and false arrest claims under the Fourth Amendment; procedural and substantive due process claims under the Fourteenth Amendment; Eighth Amendment claims brought by incarcerated persons; Fair Housing violations; and claims of unlawful employment practices. We have the resources to handle any civil rights or constitutional law dispute through trial and appeal.

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Our Firm’s Trial Practice Group aggressively litigates and defends complex class action claims brought against our clients. Our attorneys have successfully defended class action lawsuits by defeating motions to certify class claims and prevailing on class actions via dispositive motions. We have successfully pursued and obtained results favorable to our clients in actions in which other defendants settled early in the litigation. If trial becomes necessary, we have the resources and expertise to handle any case through trial and appeal.

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The attorneys in our Firm’s Commercial and Residential Landlord/Tenant Practice Group began representing commercial and residential landlords and tenants over 20 years ago. Our attorneys are experienced in negotiating and drafting leases, handling breach of lease disputes, and handling evictions, and Fair Housing claims for tenants and landlords, including public housing authorities and Section 8 landlords. Additionally, our attorneys in our Commercial and Residential Landlord/Tenant Practice Group have utilized their expertise to educate others by presenting numerous seminars throughout the State of Florida to landlords, tenants, and property managers on topics including Florida’s Landlord Tenant Act, The Fair Housing Act, and lease negotiations and drafting.

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Many commercial and residential lease disputes can be avoided by analyzing potential issues during the lease negotiation stage and incorporating appropriate provisions into the lease and the related lease documents. Along with representing parties involved in commercial and residential lease disputes, our attorneys have helped our Firm’s commercial clients prepare, revise, and negotiate commercial lease agreements in all commercial settings, including ground leases, warehouses, mixed use, and retail.

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The attorneys who comprise our Community Association Law Practice Group guide homeowners and condominium associations in the areas of preparation and interpretation of governing documents; collections; lien foreclosures; and covenant enforcement. Our attorneys have over 35 years of combined experience in this very specialized area of the law, and proudly represent more than 90 communities across central Florida, in Orange, Osceola, Lake, Polk, Seminole, and Volusia counties.

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We represent owners, contractors, subcontractors, and suppliers in drafting and analyzing construction contracts; development and presentation of negotiation positions; litigation; arbitration; and participation in claim discussions and settlement proposals. Our attorneys have successfully represented parties in construction disputes involving both private and public projects, including roadways, parks, high rises, underground utilities, bridges and single family residences. We also negotiate, prepare, and evaluate construction contracts for all types of project delivery systems including CM at risk, design-build, and lump-sum.

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Since the inception of our Firm, the representation of School Boards and Superintendents (both elected and appointed) throughout the State of Florida has been one of our primary practice areas. Our Education and School Law Practice Group includes a Florida Bar Board Certified Education Law Specialist, who has been serving School Boards and Superintendents for over 20 years. She and the other attorneys in our Education and School Law Practice Group represent School Boards and Superintendents throughout the State of Florida as both general counsel handling all day-to-day legal matters, as litigation and appellate counsel in all aspects of litigation lodged against our clients or necessarily initiated by our clients, and as specially retained counsel for specific projects or litigation. Our attorneys also represent private colleges and universities, and have litigated on behalf of educational institutions in state and federal courts and in arbitration proceedings in Florida and in other states. The attorneys in our Education and School Law Practice Group, together with other members of our Firm, handle all aspects of governance, Sunshine Law issues, Public Records issues, student issues, employment issues, charter school issues, collective bargaining, procurement, drafting/negotiating contracts, and policy development under both federal and state laws and regulations for our School Board and Superintendent clients. Further, Our Education and School Law Practice Group has successfully responded to and defended complaints lodged against our educational institution clients through state and federal regulatory bodies and accrediting bodies in multiple states, including Florida.

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When the government takes private property for public projects, it must pay full compensation to the property owners. Eminent domain and inverse condemnation claims are highly complex matters. Our Firm’s attorneys who practice in the area of eminent domain/inverse condemnation have represented our municipal and school board clients, and have been retained as special counsel, to pursue and defend eminent domain and inverse condemnation claims.

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The Firm’s Employment Law Group has considerable depth and experience in advising its private and public sector clients in every facet of employment law. The Firm works closely with its clients’ human resource and risk management professionals when employment issues arise. The Firm advises employers on a broad range of topics, including employee handbooks; policies and procedures; terminations; hiring; discipline; ADA compliance; FMLA compliance; wage-and-hour/exempt/non-exempt compliance; independent contractor agreements; and non-compete, non-solicitation and other contractual matters. The Firm, believing that prevention and preparation are key, also offers seminars and training with regard to EEO, ADA, FLSA, and FMLA compliance, and its attorneys are often called upon to speak at conferences throughout the state on these issues. In the event that litigation becomes necessary, however, our Employment Law Group has a wealth of experience in both state and federal court, litigating cases that cover the spectrum of employment laws, including but not limited to Title VII; the ADA; ADEA; FLSA; FCRA; PDA; USERRA; Sections 1981 and 1983; Florida’s Unpaid Wage Statute; Florida’s Worker’s Compensation Retaliation Statute; and Florida’s Private and Public Whistleblower Statutes. Finally, the Firm’s Employment Law Group has an abundance of experience guiding employers through investigations lodged by the EEOC, FCHR, and the Department of Labor, and appearing before the administrative agencies that oversee complaints of alleged employment law violations.

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Our Firm provides guidance to our public sector clients and their officials in all matters involving rights guaranteed by the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. In this regard, we counsel our School Board and Superintendent clients on matters including but not limited to the constitutionally permissible restrictions on the First Amendment rights of students. Additionally, we provide guidance to our municipal and local government clients on a broad array of issues ranging from municipal regulation of adult entertainment establishments, to permissible restrictions on signs posted within a municipality’s city limits, to holiday displays at local government offices. If a lawsuit is filed alleging that our client or one of its officials violated an individual’s First Amendment rights, we aggressively litigate and defend against said claims. We successfully defended, through appeal to the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals, one of our client’s residency restrictions which allowed city council members to decline to hear argument at their meetings by persons who were not residents or taxpayers of the city. Additionally, we successfully defended, through appeal to the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals, another municipality’s ordinance prohibiting picketing or protesting within fifty feet of a dwelling unit, and prohibiting picketing or protesting in any park, public street, public right-of-way, or sidewalk where such activity impeded or interfered with the rights of others to travel in a safe manner. We are proud to have played a role in the development of this important area of the law.

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We represent insurance carriers in legal disputes with their homeowner insureds or commercial insureds, in a broad spectrum of property claims and coverage disputes, from inception through trial and appeal.

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The attorneys in our Firm who specialize in City, County, and Local Government Law and Education Law also handle administrative law issues and hearings as part of their everyday practice. These attorneys are able to advise on issues relating to the Florida Administrative Code (Chapter 120, Florida Statutes), and to litigate the administrative proceedings from start to finish.

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The Firm advises and represents its clients on complex issues involving the availability and extent of insurance coverage in the event the client is sued for a covered claim.

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The Firm’s land use attorneys include an attorney who is Certified by the Florida Bar in City, County, and Local Government Law, and another attorney who is Board Certified in both City County, and Local Government Law and in Real Estate Law. Our attorneys have extensively represented local governments in land use disputes. Their knowledge and unparalleled experience gives them a unique and invaluable perspective on the representation of land owners, which in turn makes them well-equipped to bring any land use issue to a quick resolution that is favorable to our client.

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Our Firm’s Trial Practice Group includes attorneys who each have defended personal injury claims, attorneys who are Board Certified by the Florida Bar in Civil Trial Law, and an attorney who previously worked as in-house counsel for one of the nation’s largest insurance carriers. Our attorneys take pride in aggressively and thoroughly litigating personal injury claims, and often prevailing on claims by utilizing creative arguments or uncovering evidence which others might have missed. In addition to successfully taking personal injury claims to jury trial and earning defense verdicts, our attorneys have successfully concluded numerous cases at the summary judgment stage, and obtained a rare directed verdict at the close of the plaintiff’s evidence in a motor vehicle negligence action.

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The Firm defends both public and private sector property owners in claims brought by individuals who are injured for alleged defective and dangerous conditions on the owner’s property. Our team includes attorneys who have served as defense counsel in civil litigation matters for more than 18 years. Our litigators pride themselves on aggressively and thoroughly litigating these claims, and often prevail on claims by utilizing creative arguments or uncovering evidence which others might have missed.

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The Firm’s Real Estate Practice Group includes an attorney who is Board Certified by the Florida Bar as a Specialist in Real Estate Law. She and the other members of our Real Estate Practice Group handle a broad array of real estate matters, including real estate acquisitions; dispositions; leasing and financing; title review and analysis of survey; claims regarding title defects; environmental issues; leases; zoning; flood zones; document recordation requirements and fees; finalization of title commitments and endorsements appropriate and available in specific jurisdictions; coordination with title agents and escrow agents in the preparation of closing statement(s); recordation of documents; and finalizing title policies. Experienced in negotiating, drafting and reviewing acquisition, leasing and financing documentation, the Firm’s attorneys also concentrate on title and survey issues, including review, analysis and solving title issues, and obtaining insurance coverage for both residential and commercial properties. Our attorneys are knowledgeable in title insurance coverage available in various jurisdictions. Additionally, they deal with environmental matters including sophisticated review and analysis of environmental due diligence and resolution of issues with regulatory agencies.

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